Present Perfect Continuous


Forma


[has/have + been + present participle]


Ejemplos:


  • You have been waiting here for two hours.

  • Have you been waiting here for two hours?

  • You have not been waiting here for two hours.


Lista Completa de  (LINK TO) Present Perfect Continuous Forms


USE 1 Duración desde el Pasado Hasta Ahora



Usamos Present Perfect Continuous para demostrar que algo comenzó en el pasado y ha continuado hasta ahora. "For five minutes," "for two weeks,", y since Tuesday" son duraciones que pueden utilizarse con Present Perfect Continuous.


Ejemplos:


  • They have been talking for the last hour.

  • She has been working at that company for three years.

  • What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes?

  • James has been teaching at the university since June.

  • We have been waiting here for over two hours!

  • Why has Nancy not been taking her medicine for the last three days?


USO 2 Recientemente, Últimamente



También puedes usar Present Perfect Continuous SIN una duración como "for two weeks." Sin la duración, el tiempo tiene un significado más general de "lately." A menudo usamos las palabras "lately" o "recently" para enfatizar este significado.



Ejemplos:


  • Recently, I have been feeling really tired.

  • She has been watching too much television lately.

  • Have you been exercising lately?

  • Mary has been feeling a little depressed.

  • Lisa has not been practicing her English.

  • What have you been doing?


IMPORTANTE

Recuerda que Present Perfect Continuous conlleva el significado de "lately" o "recently." Si usas Present Perfect Continuous en una pregunta como, "Have you been feeling alright?", puedes sugerir que la persona se ve enferma. Una pregunta como "Have you been smoking?" puede sugerir que hueles el humo de la persona. El uso de este tiempo en una pregunta sugiere que puedes ver, oler, oír o sentir los resultados de la acción. Es posible insultar a otra persona utilizando este tiempo de forma incorrecta.


RECUERDA: Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs


Es importante recordar que los (LINK TO) Non-Continuous Verbs <- TITLE ONLY, LINK TO Types of Verbs no se pueden utilizar en ningún tiempo continuo. También, ciertos significados no continuos de algunos (LINK TO) Mixed Verbs <- TITLE ONLY, LINK TO Types of Verbs no se pueden utilizar en tiempos continuos. En lugar de utilizar Present Perfect Continuous con estos verbos, debes utilizar (LINK TO) Present Perfect


Ejemplos:


  • Sam has been having his car for two years. Incorrecto

  • Sam has had his car for two years. Correcto


UBICACION DE ADVERBIOS

Los ejemplos siguientes muestran la colocación de los adverbios gramaticales tales como: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


Ejemplos:


  • You have only been waiting here for one hour.

  • Have you only been waiting here for one hour?


ACTIVO / PASIVO


Ejemplos:


  • Recently, John has been doing the work. Activo

  • Recently, the work has been being done by John. Pasivo


OJO: Present Perfect Continuous se usa con menos frecuencia en su forma pasiva.


Más sobre (LINK TO) Active / Passive Forms