Past Continuous


Forma


[was/were + present participle]

Ejemplos:

  • You were studying when she called.

  • Were you studying when she called?

  • You were not studying when she called.


Lista completa de Formas Past Continuous


USO 1 Acción Interrumpida en el Pasado


Utilizamos  Past Continuous para indicar que una acción más larga en el pasado se interrumpió. La interrupción es generalmente una acción más corta en Simple Past. 


Ejemplos:


  • I was watching TV when she called.

  • When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.

  • While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.

  • What were you doing when the earthquake started?

  • I was listening to my iPod, so I didn't hear the fire alarm.

  • You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off.

  • While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.

  • Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane.

  • While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off.

  • A: What were you doing when you broke your leg?

  • B: I was snowboarding.


USO 2 Tiempo Específico como Interrupción



En el USO 1, descrito anteriormente, Past Continuous es interrumpido por una acción más corta en Simple Past. Sin embargo, también se puede utilizar un tiempo específico como una interrupción.


Ejemplos:

  • Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.

  • At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.

  • Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work.


IMPORTANTE

En Simple Past, un tiempo específico se utiliza para mostrar cuando una acción comenzó o terminó. En Past Continuous, un tiempo específico solamente interrumpe la acción.


Ejemplos:


  • Last night at 6 PM, I ate dinner.

  • I started eating at 6 PM.

  • Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.

  • I started earlier; and at 6 PM, I was in the process of eating dinner.


USO 3 Acciones Paralelas



Al usar Past Continuous con dos acciones en la misma oración, se expresa la idea de que ambas acciones estaban sucediendo al mismo tiempo. Las acciones son paralelas.


Ejemplos:


  • I was studying while he was making dinner.

  • While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television.

  • Were you listening while he was talking?

  • I wasn't paying attention while I was writing the letter, so I made several mistakes.

  • What were you doing while you were waiting?

  • Thomas wasn't working, and I wasn't working either.

  • They were eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.


USO 4 Atmósfera

En Inglés, a menudo utilizamos una serie de acciones paralelas para describir la atmósfera en un momento determinado en el pasado.


Ejemplo:


  • When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other about the bad service.


USO 5 Repetición e Irritación con "Always"



Past Continuous con palabras como "always" o "constantly" expresa la idea de que algo irritante o chocante a menudo, ocurrió en el pasado. El concepto es muy similar a la expresión "Used to" pero con una emoción negativa. Recuerda poner las palabras "always" o "constantly" entre "be" y "verb+ing."


Ejemplos:


  • She was always coming to class late.

  • He was constantly talking. He annoyed everyone.

  • I didn't like them because they were always complaining.


While vs. When


Las Clauses (Cláusulas) son grupos de palabras que tienen un significado, pero a menudo no son oraciones completas. Algunas clauses comienzan con la palabra "when" por ejemplo "when she called" o "when it bit me." Otras comienzan con "while" por ejemplo "while she was sleeping" y "while he was surfing." Cuando hablamos de cosas en el pasado, "when" es más a menudo seguido por el tiempo verbal Simple Past, mientras que "while" por lo general es seguido por Past Continuous. "While" expresa la idea de "durante ese momento." Estudia los ejemplos a continuación. Tienen un significado similar, pero hacen hincapié en diferentes partes de la oración.


Ejemplos:


  • I was studying when she called.

  • While I was studying, she called.


RECUERDA: Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs


Es importante recordar que Non-Continuous Verbs Tipos de verbos no se pueden utilizar en ningún tiempo continuo. También, ciertos significados no continuos de algunos Mixes Verbs Tipos de verbos no se pueden utilizar en tiempos continuos. En lugar de utilizar Past Continuous con estos verbos, debes utilizar Simple Past


Examples:


  • Jane was being at my house when you arrived. Incorrecto

  • Jane was at my house when you arrived. Correcto


UBICACION DE ADVERBIOS


Los ejemplos siguientes muestran la colocación de los adverbios gramaticales tales como: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


Ejemplos:


  • You were just studying when she called.

  • Were you just studying when she called?


ACTIVO / PASIVO


Ejemplos:


  • The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. Activo

  • The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. Pasivo


Más sobre Formas Verbales Activas y Pasivas