Future in the past


Tal como Simple Future, Future in the Past tiene dos formas diferentes en Inglés: "would" y "was going to." Aunque las dos formas a veces se pueden utilizar indistintamente, a menudo expresan dos significados diferentes.


FORMA Would

[would + VERBO]


Ejemplos:


  • I knew you would help him.

  • I knew you would not help him.


FORMA Was/Were Going To

[was/were + going to + VERBO]


Ejemplos:


  • I knew you were going to go to the party.

  • I knew you were not going to go to the party.


USO 1 Future in Past



Future in the Past es utilizado para expresar la idea de que en el pasado se pensó que algo iba a suceder en el futuro. No importa si se estaba en lo correcto o no. Future in the Past sigue las mismas reglas básicas que Simple Future. "Would se utiliza acciones voluntarias o promesas, y "was going to" se usa para planificar. Por otra parte, ambas formas se pueden utilizar para hacer predicciones sobre el futuro.


Ejemplos:


  • I told you he was going to come to the party. plan

  • I knew Julie would make dinner. acción voluntaria

  • Jane said Sam was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone. plan

  • I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. predicción

  • He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. promesa


RECUERDA No hay Futuro en Time Clauses

Como en todas las formas del futuro, Future in the Past no puede ser utilizado en clauses comenzando con expresiones de tiempo, tales como: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. En vez de utilizar Future in the Past, debes usar Simple Past.


Ejemplos:


  • I already told Mark that when he would arrive, we would go out for dinner.   Incorrecto

  • I already told Mark that when he arrived, we would go out for dinner. Correcto


ACTIVO / PASIVO

Ejemplos:


  • I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM. Activo

  • I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM. Pasivo

  • I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner. Activo

  • I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally. Pasivo


Más sobre: Formas Verbales Activas y Pasivas